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Government Of Assam Dibrugarh District

AGRICULTURE STATISTICS

Agriculture Statistics :

                       Agriculture Sector continues to play a vital role in State Economy by contributing a Sizeable Share in SDP (State Domestic Product) engaging majority of work force of the State in Agriculture Sector.

                      The main activities are collection, compilation, maintenance of Agriculture Statistics is the main function of Agriculture Division of DDES. DDES to collect data under the schemes – (i) Crop Estimation Survey (CES), (ii) Land Utilization Statistics (LUS), (iii) Crop Forecast, (iv) Timely Reporting Scheme (TRS), (v) Sample Survey on Areca nut, Coconut, Fruits, Vegetables (ACFV), (vi) Crop Forecast Calendar.

                      Agriculture Sector plays an important role in the Country’s Economy. As against Mining, Manufacturing Industries, Service Sectors as well as areas use for human habitations, agriculture covers maximum portion of available land in the state. Within a state human society adopts different agricultural practice depending on environmental and weather conditions. The social condition, pattern of topography, available rainfall and climatic condition are more or less agriculture friendly in Assam for which a good number of food and non food crops including paddy out of as many as 38 main crops grown and systematically cultivated in the state. The information is vital for planning and all round development.

                      The United Nation’s Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) categories the Agricultural Statistics in three broad categories, viz :-

(i) Basic Agricultural Statistics :- Basic Agriculture Statistics include the number of holdings and their principal characteristics such as Size, Land Utilization, Agricultural Population, Employment in Agriculture, Farm Implementation and Machinery.

 (ii) Agricultural Statistics Proper :- Agricultural Statistics Proper covers the topic of area under crops and their production, livestock and their products.

(iii) Agricultural Statistics in wider sense :- It covers all information relating to agriculture such as statistics of stock, trade, price and consumptions of agricultural commodities and livestock product, farm income, farm taxes, loans to farmers, cost of family living, cost of production, agricultural labour force, agriculture wages, rural inhabitation, statistics of fisheries, forestry and their product.

 (i) Crop Estimation Survey (CES) :

                      Directorate of Economics & Statistics, Assam releases estimates of Area, Production and Productivity in respects of 38 Forecast crops. These crops together account for nearly 87 %of Agriculture output as per report of All India Agriculture Statistics. Among the 38 crops, Paddy plays a pivotal role in enhancing the total production of food grains in the state. It covers about 93% and 97% of total production and area of food grains in the state respectively.

                              Winter Paddy is the Principal crops of the District. It covers almost 77.6% of the total Paddy area as against 10% and 12.4% in case of Autumn Paddy and Summer Paddy respectively.                       

                            Out of 38 crops, crop estimation survey on 9 selected principal food and non-food crops are being conducted every year in the State. The primary object of the Crop Estimation Survey (CES) is to obtain sufficient precise estimated of Average yield per hector of principal food and non-food crops at state and district levels through crop cutting experiments carried out according to statistical techniques of random sampling. The estimates of yield rates are adopted for working out official estimates of crop production.

                           Crop covered under the report are classified under the report are classified into five major groups i.e. (i) Total Cerals, (ii) Total Pules, (iii) Total food grains, (iv) Total Fibres, (v) Total Oil Seed and (vi) Miscellaneous Crops.

The following 9 nos. crops include under CES. It is started from July to June.

 (1) Summer Paddy

 (2) Autumn Paddy

 (3) Winter Paddy

 (4) Potato

 (5) Sugercane

 (6) Rape and Mustard

 (7) Jute

 (8) Black Gram (Matikalai)

 (9) Maize

                        Considering the importance of collection of details data on structure and eractaistics of agriculture, this is our very humble endeavor to offer a comprehensive data to facilities the development planner in the state of Assam and to help researcher as use of civil society’s development.

TIME SCHEDULE FOR CROP ESTIMATION SURVEY

Sl.No.

No. of Crops Despatch of Schedule Starting of Survey Completion of Survey Last date of Submission No. of Expt. Period of harvesting Driage Ratio Bund factor P.C.(%) Paddy to Rice Remarks
[1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11] [12]
1 Autumn Paddy 30th April 1st June 15th September 30th September 2000 July to Sept. E 1.60% 58% E-Estimated Year
2 Jute 30th April 1st July 15th September 30th September 600 July to Sept. E - - -
3 Winter Paddy 30th August 1st October 15th January 20th January 3000 Oct. to Jan. E 1.50% 65% -
4 Matikalai 30th August 1st October 31st January 15th February 500 Oct. to Jan. 93.49 - - 10 years Av. Yield
5 Rape & Mustard 30th October 1st January 15th March 30th March 1250 Jan. to Mar. 91.17 - - -
6 Potato 30th October 1st January 15th March 30th March 850 Jan. to Mar. A.S. - - Av. Space calculated every year
7 Sugarcane 30th October 15th January 15th April 30th April 700 Jan. to April 9.82** - - **Cane to Gur ratio
8 Wheat 30th November 15th February 15th April 30th April 850 Feb. to April 94.98 - - -
9 Summer Paddy 30th November 1st April 30th June 15th July 1500 April to June E - 62.50% -

(ii) Land Utilization Statistics (LUS) :

                        District wise area, production and average yield of 38 Forecast Food and Non-Food Crops have been prepared for the year 2018-19 and submit at Directorate of Economics & Statistics, Assam for evaluation.

(iii) Crop Forecast :

                   Agricultural Statistics proper as this cover the subject of area, production and productivity of crops. The Forecast Crop area, production and productivity are finalized by the State Committee on Agriculture Statistics, Assam chaired by the Secretary, Revenue Department, Government of Assam and Directorate of Economics & Statistics, Assam as member secretary and officials of Forecast, Irrigation, Agriculture, Horticulture department as members.

                        In Agriculture Statistics, Chairperson is the District Deputy Commissioner and Deputy Director of Economics & Statistics is the Member Secretary of the Sub-Divisional Committee on Agriculture Statistics.

(iv) Timely Reporting Scheme (TRS) :

                       Timely reporting scheme is a centrally sponsored scheme which is used to obtain reliable and timely estimates of area under principal crops in each season with breakup of area into irrigated/ non-irrigated, traditional and high yielding variation of crops and also Land Utilization Statistics that are required much in advance. This scheme was introduced by Union Ministry of Agriculture and Cooperation from 1973-74. It is implemented in the states that are cadastral surveyed. In the District Office of the Deputy Director of Economics and Statistics, Sub-Divisional Office conduct the TRS through Revenue Staff and Departmental Staff. The field work for TRS Area Enumeration is carried out by the field worker (Mandals) of Revenue Department for all four (4) seasons, i.e. Early Kharif, Late Kharif, Rabi, and Summer season. The field work for TRS sample check for all four seasons are carried out by the Sub-Inspector of Statistics (TRS) and filled in reports have dispatched to Directorate of Economics & Statistics, Assam and National Sample Survey Office (FOD), Faridabad. The all seasonal filled-in reports are dispatched to the Directorate of Economics & Statistics, Assam and they compiled the reports for all district and analyzed the result.

(v) Sample Survey on Areca nut, Coconut, Fruits, Vegetables (ACFV) :

                         Every year this survey is conducted in the state. The main objective of this survey area production of Arecanut, Fruits and Vegetables and the field work have been started from the month of July to September. The consolidated report has been submitted to Directorate of Economics and Statistics, Assam every year.

(vi) Forecast Crop Calendar :

Date of holding Sub-divisional committee meeting

 

 

Crop

 

 

Type of forecast

 

Date of Reports received by Directorate

 

Date of holding State committee meeting

 

Date of Submission to Govt. of India

[1]

[2]

[3]

[4]

[5]

[6]

 

25th June

Autumn Paddy, Pineapple, Cotton, Mesta, Sugarcane, Jute

 

First

 

1st July

 

10th July

 

14th July

 

 

 

25th September

Winter Paddy, Tur, Orange,Cotton, Sugarcane, Autumn Paddy, Jute, Mesta, Banana, Topioca, Arecanut, Coconut, Pineapple

 

1st

2nd

Final

 

 

1st Oct.

 

 

10th Oct.

 

 

14th Oct.

 

 

 

25th November

Rape & Mustard, Tobacco, Rabi Pulses :- (a)Mug, (b)Masur, (c) Matikalai, (d)Peas, (e)Other Pulses. Winter Paddy, Tur, Cotton, Maize.

 

 

1st

2nd

3rd

Final

 

 

 

1st Dec.

 

 

 

10th Dec.

 

 

 

14th Dec.

 

 

25th January

Potato, Summer Paddy, Wheat, Rape & Mustard, Tobacco, Winter Paddy, Tur, Cotton, Orange

 

1st

2nd

Final

 

 

1st Feb.

 

 

10th Feb.

 

 

14th Feb.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

25th April

Chillies, Sesamum, Castor,Other Cereals & Small millats, Gram, Robi Pulses:- (a) Mug, (b) Masur, (c) Matikalai, (d)Peas, (e)Other Pulses, Sugarcane,Linseed, Rape & Mustard, Tabacco, Turmeric, Summer Paddy,Potato,Wheat, Sweet Potato, Onion,Nizer,Black Pepper, Ginge.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Final

 

 

 

 

 

 

1st May

 

 

 

 

 

 

10th May

 

 

 

 

 

 

14th May